Tel-Hai Magazine - Fall 2020

It was found, generally, children in the urban periphery report on the lowest subjective well-being, controlling for other factors. This finding is not surprising given the complex life circumstances in Israel's urban periphery. In this area, mid-sized Arab settlements can be found, suffering from high unemployment and economic constraints. Additionally, numerous development towns are located in the urban periphery, settlements built mainly during the 1950s for the purpose of settling immigrants

Greater material deprivation, but also subjective well-being in Israel's rural periphery

Deeper research into the regional variations amongst Israeli children resulted in additional insights. Specifically, significant differences in the feelings of Central Israel, urban periphery and rural periphery children were found. - 33% of the rural periphery children cannot afford a school trip, in comparison to 4% of the children in Central Israel. - 33% of rural periphery children cannot afford good quality clothes, compared to 2% of the children in Central Israel. Life in the center and life in the periphery, which is in part more rural, have been found to have a mixed influence on children quality of life. On the one hand, the city and the center provide greater access to services and more employment, education, and other options. On the other hand, life in the center and in urban environments is associated with crowdedness, air pollution and so forth. In contrast, the rural periphery provides less access to services, employment and education, but life there is quieter, blessed with open spaces, a communal framework and so forth. The incidence of children (10 and 12 years old) lacking one of the items, according to place of residence in percentages

Overall life satisfaction (OLS)

rural periphery urban periphery center

Furthermore, a statistically significant correlation was found between the level of material deprivation of the children and their place of residence category. In fact, it seems that the rural periphery, in spite of the relatively low material conditions of many children living there, successfully protects the happiness of the children from the consequences of the material deprivation, while children with fewer material resources in the center are highly effect in term of the subjective well-being. Correlation between place of residence categories and material deprivation in the multivariate subjective well-being index. 1

Pocket money

Personal cellular phone

Sports equipment and hobbies

shoes

100

home internet access

95

90

money for school trips

85

80

school equipment

75

70

clothes in good condition

rural periphery

urban periphery

center

more material means

fewer material means

family vacation

family vehicle

1

This index was developed in accordance with accepted statistical tests according to which children who reported themselves to be lacking in 2 or more of the 12 items about which they were asked, were defined as suffering from material poverty

access to computer at home washing machine

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rural periphery urban periphery center

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